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June 2001

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A vaccine for Africa

Further reading

Meningococcal meningitis: a select bibliography

Campagne G, Garba A, Fabre P, Schuchat A, Ryall R, Boulanger D, Bybel M, Carlone G, Briantais P, Ivanoff B, Xerri B, Chippaux JP. Safety and immunogenicity of three doses of a Neisseria meningitidis A + C diphtheria conjugate vaccine in infants from Niger. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2000 19:144-50

Campagne G, Schuchat A, Djibo S, Ousseini A, Cisse L, Chippaux JP. Epidemiology of bacterial meningitis in Niamey, Niger, 1981-96. Bull World Health Organ. 1999 77:499-508.

Greenwood B. Manson Lecture. Meningococcal meningitis in Africa. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1999 93:341-53.

Jodar L, Cartwright K, Feavers IM. Standardisation and validation of serological assays for the evaluation of immune responses to Neisseria meningitidis serogroup A and C vaccines. Biologicals. 2000 28:193-7.

MacLennan JM, Shackley F, Heath PT, Deeks JJ, Flamank C, Herbert M, Griffiths H, Hatzmann E, Goilav C, Moxon ER. Safety, immunogenicity, and induction of immunologic memory by a serogroup C meningococcal conjugate vaccine in infants: A randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2000 283:2795-801.

Miller MA, Wenger J, Rosenstein N, Perkins B. Evaluation of meningococcal meningitis vaccination strategies for the meningitis belt in Africa. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1999 18:1051-9

Riedo FX, Plikaytis BD, Broome CV. Epidemiology and prevention of meningococcal disease. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1995 14:643-57.

Robbins JB, Towne DW, Gotschlich EC, Schneerson R. "Love's labours lost": failure to implement mass vaccination against group A meningococcal meningitis in sub-Saharan Africa. Lancet 1997; 350: 880-882.

Twumasi PA, Kumah S, Leach A, O'Dempsey TJ, Ceesay SJ, Todd J, Broome CV, Carlone GM, Pais LB, Holder PK, et al. A trial of a group A plus group C meningococcal polysaccharide-protein conjugate vaccine in African infants. J Infect Dis. 1995 171:632-8.


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