About the Davos Panel
Executive Director, UNICEF
Carol Bellamy assumed office as the fourth
Executive Director of the United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF),
with the rank of Under-Secretary-General, on 1 May 1995. In
September 1999, the Secretary-General of the United Nations
announced Ms. Bellamys reappointment to a second term effective
May 2000-April 2005. In her second term Ms. Bellamy will continue
to work to ensure the rights of all children and to focus
global attention on the emerging challenges of HIV/AIDS, increasing
conflict and poverty.
At the start of her first term, Ms. Bellamys
priorities were to modernise and streamline UNICEF so that
the organisations work for children would be efficient, effective
and focused. This process, which included a comprehensive
restructuring, has led to strengthened decentralisation and
management which has enhanced UNICEFs capacity to work for
the protection of childrens rights as enshrined in the Convention
on the Rights of the Child. UNICEF has also reinforced its
capacity to assist national partners to achieve the goals
that were set by the 1990 World Summit for Children. These
goals cover all aspects of the care of children world wide,
including the provision of primary health care and education
and of protection from neglect, abuse and want.
Ms. Bellamy has placed particular emphasis
on the need to make rapid progress to ensure that all children
survive and develop and that even the most disadvantaged enjoy
their right to a basic quality education. She has also stressed
the need for strong protection measures for children in areas
of conflict, against abuse, neglect and exploitative child
Prior to joining UNICEF, Ms. Bellamy
was Director of the United States Peace Corps. She was the
first returned volunteer to serve as head of the Peace Corps,
(she served in Guatemala from 1963-1965), a service organisation
with 7,000 volunteers in more than 90 countries. Ms. Bellamy
has had a distinguished career in law and finance. She served
as a managing director of Bear Stearns & Co. from 1990 to
1993. She was a principal at Morgan Stanley and Co. from 1986
to 1990 and worked as an associate at Cravath, Swaine and
Moore from 1968-1971.
Ms. Bellamy has worked extensively in
the public sector, including five years in the New York State
Senate (1973-1977). In 1978, she became the first woman President
of the New York City Council, a position she held until 1985.
Ms. Bellamy graduated in law from New
York University in 1968. She is a former Fellow of the Institute
of Politics of the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard
University and an honorary member of Phi Alpha Alpha, the
U.S. National Honor Society for Accomplishment and Scholarship
in Public Affairs and Administration. Ms. Bellamy graduated
from Gettysburg College in 1963. She was born on 14 January
Dr. Gro Harlem Brundtland
Director-General, World Health
Dr. Gro Harlem Brundtland is the Director-General
of the World Health Organization (WHO). She was elected by
the World Health Assembly and assumed office on 21 July 1998.
A medical doctor and Master of Public
Health (MPH), Gro Harlem Brundtland spent 10 years as a physician
and scientist in the Norwegian public health system. For more
than 20 years, she was in public office, ten of them as Prime
Minister. In the 1980s, she gained international recognition,
championing the principle of sustainable development as the
chair of the World Commission of Environment and Development
(the Brundtland Commission).
Dr. Brundtland began her political career
at an early age. Born in Oslo, Norway in 1939, by the age
of seven she was enrolled as a member of the Norwegian Labour
Movement in its childrens section and has been a member ever
since, leading the Labour Party to election victory three
Dr. Brundtland won a scholarship to the
Harvard School of Public Health. There, Dr. Brundtlands vision
of health extending beyond the confines of the medical world
into environment issues and human development began to take
Returning to Oslo and the Ministry of
Health in 1965, Dr. Brundtland worked on childrens health
issues, including breastfeeding, cancer prevention and other
diseases. She worked in the childrens department of the National
Hospital and Oslo City Hospital and became director of Health
Services for Oslos schoolchildren.
In 1981, at the age of 41, she was appointed
Prime Minister of Norway for the first time. She was the youngest
person and the first woman ever to hold this office in Norway.
She was re-appointed to two other terms and finally stepped
down as Prime Minister in October 1996.
Throughout her political career, Dr.
Brundtland has developed a growing concern for issues of global
significance. In 1983, the then United Nations Secretary-General
invited her to establish and chair the World Commission of
Environment and Development. The Commission, which is best
known for developing the broad political concept of sustainable
development, published its report Our Common Future in April
1987. The Commissions recommendations led to the Earth Summit-the
United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED)
in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.
William H. Gates, III
Co-founder, Bill and Melinda
Chief Software Architect, Microsoft Corporation
William (Bill) H. Gates is co-founder,
chairman and chief software architect of Microsoft Corporation,
and co-founder of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
Mr. Gates, and his wife Melinda, have
endowed the Foundation with more than $17 billion to support
philanthropic initiatives in the areas of global health and
learning, with the hope that as we move into the 21st century,
advances in these critical areas will be available for all
people. Since its inception the Foundation has given more
than $2 billion to initiatives such as the Gates Millennium
Scholars program, a $50 million annual commitment for the
next 20 years to bring access to a college education for minority
students who otherwise would not be able to attend, a grant
of $100 million to establish the Bill and Melinda Gates Childrens
Vaccine Program, and a $750 million commitment to the Vaccine
Fund, to help pay for vaccine for
children in the worlds poorest nations.
Born on October 28, 1955, Mr. Gates began
his career in personal computer software, programming computers
at age 13. He entered Harvard University in 1973 and began
developing the programming language BASIC for the first microcomputer
- the MITS Altair. In his junior year, Mr. Gates dropped out
of Harvard to devote his energies to Microsoft, a company
he had begun in 1975 with Paul Allen. Guided by a belief that
the personal computer would be a valuable tool on every office
desktop and in every home, they began developing software
for personal computers.
Microsoft is now the worlds premier
software provider. Under Mr. Gates leadership, Microsofts
mission is to continually advance and improve software technology
and to make it easier, more cost-effective and more enjoyable
for people to use computers. The company is committed to a
long-term view, reflected in its investment of more than $3
billion on research and development in the current fiscal
In 1999, Mr. Gates wrote Business @ the
Speed of Thought, a book that shows how digital processes
can solve business problems in fundamentally new ways. Co-authored
by Collins Hemingway, the book was published in 25 languages
and is available in more than 60 countries. Business @ the
Speed of Thought has received wide critical acclaim and was
listed on the best-seller lists of the New York Times, USA
Today, the Wall Street Journal. His previous book, The Road
Ahead, published in 1995, held the No. 1 spot on the New York
Times bestseller list for seven weeks. Mr. Gates has donated
the proceeds of both books to non-profit organizations that
support the use of technology in education and skills development.
Mr. Gates was married on Jan. 1, 1994,
to Melinda French Gates. The couple have two children.
James D. Wolfensohn
President, World Bank Group
James D. Wolfensohn, the World Bank Groups
ninth President since 1946, established his career as an international
investment banker with a parallel involvement in development
issues and the global environment.
Since becoming president on June 1, 1995,
he has traveled to more than 100 countries to gain first-hand
experience of the challenges facing the World Bank, and its
181 member countries. He also helped initiate, together with
the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in 1996, the Heavily
Indebted Poor Countries Initiative (HIPC) as the first comprehensive
debt reduction program to address the needs of the worlds
poorest, which includes most heavily indebted countries.
On September 27, 1999, Mr. Wolfensohn
was unanimously reappointed by the Banks Board of Executive
Directors to a second five-year term as president beginning
June 1, 2000. This will make him the third president in World
Bank history to serve a second term.
As an international investment banker,
Mr. Wolfensohns last position was as president and chief
executive officer of James D. Wolfensohn Inc., an investment
firm he set up in 1981 to advise major U.S. and international
corporations. He relinquished his interests in the firm upon
joining the World Bank. Mr. Wolfensohn has held a series of
senior positions in finance, including executive partner of
Salomon Brothers in New York, and senior positions with Schroders
Ltd. in London, J. Henry Schroders Banking Corporation in
New York, and Darling & Co. of Australia.
Throughout his career, Mr. Wolfensohn
has also closely involved himself in a wide range of cultural
and volunteer activities, especially in the performing arts.
Currently, he is chairman of the Board of the Institute for
Advanced Study at Princeton University and serves as chairman
emeritus of Carnegie Hall and the John F. Kennedy Center for
the Performing Arts in Washington, D.C.
Mr. Wolfensohn has been president of
the International Federation of Multiple Sclerosis Societies,
director of the Business Council for Sustainable Development,
and served both as chairman of the Finance Committee and director
of the Rockefeller Foundation and of the Population Council,
and as member of the Board of Rockefeller University. He is
an honorary trustee of the Brookings Institution and a member
of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Century Association
in New York.
In May 1995, he was awarded an Honorary
Knighthood by Queen Elizabeth II for his contribution to the
arts. Mr. Wolfensohn has also been decorated by the Governments
of Australia, France, Germany, Morocco, and Norway.
Born in Australia in December 1933, Mr.
Wolfensohn is a naturalized U.S. citizen. He holds BA and
LLB degrees from the University of Sydney and a MBA from the
Harvard Graduate School of Business. He and his wife, Elaine,
have three children.
GAVI Secretariat, c/o UNICEF, Palais des Nations,
1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
Tel: 41 22 909 5019 Fax: 41 22 909 5931 Email: Gavi@unicef.org